Crime and Housing in Kuala Lumpur: Taman Melati terrace housing

Main Article Content

Mohammad Abdul Mohit
Hanan Mohamed Hassan Elsawahli


Recently, Malaysia has adopted the Safe city program, which is focused towards creating violence and crime-free cities. To achieve this, it is important to address crimes and disorders in residential areas. So far studies identified that changes in the built environment and modifications in space design can impact residents' and offenders' perceptions of criminality. Various CPTED measures are employed to create defensible space. This paper examines the effect of physical design on the occurrences of crime in Taman Melati residential area of Kuala Lumpur City and tests the effects of the built environment on the possibility of crime reduction through physical planning measures.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abdul Mohit, M. and Elsawahli, H.M.H. 2017. Crime and Housing in Kuala Lumpur: Taman Melati terrace housing. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies. 2, 2 (Jan. 2017), 53–63. DOI:


Baker, C. Elizabeth. (2005). Safety Through Design. UMI 1431580 ProQuest Information & Learning Company.

Clark, R.V. (1983). Situational Crime Prevention. Its Theoretical & Practical Scope, in M. Tonny & N. Morris (eds), Crime & Justice: Annual Review of Research. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Clark, R.V. (1997) (ed). Situational Crime Prevention. Successful Case Studies. 2nd Edition. NY: Albany.

Clonlz, Kenneth A. (1995). Residential & Commercial Burglaries: An Empirical Test of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, UMI 9526744, ProQuest Information & Learning Company.

Colquhoun, Ian. (2004). Design Out Crime: Creating Safe and Sustainable Communities. London: Architectural Press.

Cozens, Paul, D. Hillier & C. Prescott. (2001). Crime and the Design of Residential Property: Exploring the theoretical Background, Property Management, 19(2).

Cozens, Paul, D. Hillier & C. Prescott. (2002). Crime and the Design of Residential Property: Exploring the Perceptions of Planning Professional, Burgluars and Other Users. Part 2.

Davidson, R.N. (1981). Crime & Environment. London: Groom Helm.

Donnelly, P. G. (1988). Individual and Neighbourhood Influences on Fear of crime,

Sociological Focus 22(10) 69-85.

Economic Planning Unit (EPU)(2006). Ninth Malaysia Plan 2006-2010. Putrajaya: Prime Minister’s Department.

Elbadawi, Ihab (1991). The role of Planning in Promoting Safer Communities. Dalhousie University-Dal Tech, Canada. ProQuest Information & Learning Company.

Ewent, Peter (1999). Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design: Making a Safe & Clean environment in the Downtown. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Hafazah Abd Karim and Siti Mareenah Abd Rashid (2010). Community Participation: Towards a Safer Housing Environment. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies 1(2), 19-31.

Hardy, Kim, M. (1997). A Comparative Analyses of Two Las Vegas Apartment Complexes. School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Jacobs, Jane (1961). The Life and Death of Great American Cities. New York: Vintage. Jeffrey C. R. (1977): Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design,. 2nd ed.: BeverlyHills, CA: Sage Publications.

JPBD (Town and Country Planning Department). (2005). Safe City Program: Crime Prevention Techniques.Peninsular Malaysia Official site accessed in May 2009.

JPBD (Town and Country Planning Department). (2006). National Urbanization Policy. Kuala Lumpur: JPBD.

Lynch, Kevin. (1984). Good city form. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Newman, O. (1972). Defensible Space: People and Design in the violent City. London: Architectural press.

Robinson, Patricia E.M.(1997). Places of Crime & Designing for Prevention: A Study of York University Campus. York University, North York, Ontario, Nov.1997. ProQuest Information & Learning Company.

Serpase Ronal W. (1998). Common sense Approaches with Contradictory Results: Does Defensible Space Curb Crime? UMI 9900958. ProQuest Information & Learning Company.

Sidhu, A.M. (2005). The Rise of Crime in Malaysia – An academic and statistical analysis. Journal of the Kuala Lumpur Royal Police College, no.4, pp.1-28.

The Oxford English Dictionary. (1989). 2nd Edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Wilson, James Q. and George L. Kelling (1982). Broken Windows: The police and Neighbourhood Safety. The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 249, no. 3, pp. 29-38.

Yancey, W. (1983). Spaced Out: Human Behavior and the Built Environment. In Pipkin, J. La Gory and J. Blau (eds) Remaking the City: Social Science Perspectives on Urban Design. Albany: The States University of New York Press.