Map Design in Subway Stations through Passengers' Wayfinding Behavior Perspective

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Pei-Ying Li
Meng-Cong Zheng
Haruo Hibino


This empirical study of behavioural observation with a verbal report attempts to understand the process of map-reading for purposes of wayfinding in a subway station at Taipei in Taiwan. Subjects were required to find the shortest way in reaching an exit via three manners - without a map, aided by 2D, and 3D maps. The results indicated that the design of underground space maps should support a direction and floor wayfinding strategy, plus the selection of a suitable angle of vision. Important considerations include marking the nearest exit, marking the scale, intensifying wall performance, and clarifying the discrimination of different floors and areas.

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Li, P.-Y., Zheng, M.-C. and Hibino, H. 2017. Map Design in Subway Stations through Passengers’ Wayfinding Behavior Perspective. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies. 2, 2 (Jan. 2017), 105–115. DOI:


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