Considering Art in a Hospital Environment from Children's and Young People's Perspectives

Main Article Content

Kate Bishop


In response to research evidence, (predominantly research with adults) the need for artwork in healthcare environments are now regularly part of the initial design briefs for hospitals. The resulting artwork can be a collection of commissions; it can also be included as a seamless extension of the interior design concept. In the case of paediatric hospitals, it is unlikely that 'art' which is simply a graphic treatment applied to key surfaces throughout the hospital environment could function in the ways that children and young people have identified in research as being valuable in their experience of hospitalisation. This one environmental attribute will be used to understand some of the key components of a hospital environment involved in children's feeling of well-being from their perspectives.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bishop, K. 2017. Considering Art in a Hospital Environment from Children’s and Young People’s Perspectives. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies. 2, 5 (Oct. 2017), 15–25. DOI:


Baron, J. H. (1995). Art in Hospitals. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians, 29, 131-142.

Bertman, S. (1999). Grief and the healing arts: creativity as therapy. Amityville, NY: Baywood.

Bishop, K.G. (2008). From their perspectives: Children and young people‟s experience of a paediatric hospital environment and its relationship to their feeling of well-being. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Sydney, Sydney.

Blumberg, R., & Devlin, A. S. (2006). Design issues in hospitals: The adolescent client. Environment and Behavior, 38(3), 293-317.

Caspari, S., Eriksson, K., & Naden, D. (2006). The aesthetic dimension in hospitals: An investigation into strategic plans. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43, 851-859.

Duncan, J. (2003). The effect of colour and design in hydrotherapy: designing for care. In D. Kirklin & R. Richardson. (Eds.) The Healing Environment. (pp. 81-100). UK: Royal College of Physicians.

Graham-Pole, J. (2000). Illness and the art of creative self expression. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.

Homicki, B. & Joyce, E. K. (2004). Art illuminates patients‟ experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center. The Oncologist, 9, 111-114.

Hutton, A. (2002). The private adolescent: Privacy needs of adolescents in hospitals. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 17(1), 67-72.

Hutton, A. (2003). Activities in the adolescent ward environment. Contemporary Nursing, 14(3), 312-319.

Hutton, A. (2005). Consumer perspectives in adolescent ward design. Issues in Clinical Nursing, 14, 537-545.

Lawson, B. & Phiri, M. (2000). Room for improvement. Health Science Journal, 24, 20-23.

Lawson, B., Phiri, M., & Wells-Thorpe, J. (2003). The architectural healthcare environment and its effects on patient health outcomes. Norwich, England: TSO.

Liabo, K., Curtis, K., Jenkins, N., Roberts, H., Jaguz, S., & McNeish, D. (2002). Healthy futures: A consultation with children and young people in Camden and Islington about their health services. London: Camden & Islington NHS Health Authority.

MacNaughton, J. (2007). Art in hospital spaces: The role of hospitals in an aestheticised society. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 13 (1), 85-101.

Olds, A. R. (1991). With children in mind: Novel approaches to waiting area and playroom design. Journal of Healthcare Interior Design, 3, 111-122.

Rollins, J.A. (2002). ART is the heart: A palette of possibilities for hospice care. Pediatric Nursing28 (4), 355-364.

Samuels, M., & Lane, M. (1998). Creative healing. New York: Harper

Scher, P. (1996). Patient focused architecture for health care. UK: The Manchester Metropolitan University.

Scher, P. & Senior, P. (2000). The Exeter evaluation. Exeter, UK: Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital.

Schweitzer, M., Gilpin, L., Frampton, S., (2004). Healing spaces: Elements of environmental design that make an impact on health. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10 (1) 71-83.

Sharma, S., & Finlay, F. (3003). Adolescent facilities: The potential…adolescents‟ views were invited in the planning of a new unit, but to what extent were their suggestions incorporated? Paediatric Nursing, 15(7), 25-28.

Silverman, P. (2000). Never too young to know: Death in children’s lives. New York: Oxford University Press

Sourkes, B. (1995). Armfuls of time: The psychological experience of the child with a life-threatening illness. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Staricoff, R. L., Duncan, J., Wright, M., Loppert, S., Scott, J., (2001). A study of the effects of the visual and performing arts in healthcare. Hospital Development, 32, 25-28.

Staricoff, R. L., & Loppert, S., (2003). Integrating the arts into health care: Can we affect clinical outcomes? In D. Kirklin & R. Richardson. (Eds.), The healing environment: without and within. (pp. 63-79). UK: Royal College of Physicians.

Tivorsak, T. L., Britto, M. Y., Klosterman, B. K., Nebrig, D. M., & Slap, G. B. (2004). Are pediatric practice settings adolescent friendly? An exploration of attitudes and preferences. Clinical Pediatrics, 43(1), 55-61.

Ulrich, R. S. (1991). Effects of interior design on wellness: Theory and recent scientific research. Journal of Healthcare Interior Design, 3, 97-109.

Ulrich, R. S. (1992). How design impacts wellness. Healthcare Forum Journal, 35(5), 20-25.

Ulrich, R. S. (2001). Effects of healthcare environmental design on medical outcomes. In A. Dalani (Ed.), Design and health: The therapeutic benefits of design (pp. 49-59). Sweden: Swedish Building Council.

Ulrich, R. S. (2000). Evidence based environmental design for improving medical outcomes. Paper presented at the Healing by design: Building for healthcare in the 21st century, McGill University Health Center National Conference, Montreal, Canada, September 2000.

Ulrich, R.S., Lunden, O., Eltinge, J. L., (1993). Effects of exposure to nature and abstract pictures on patients recovering from heart surgery. Psychophysiology, 30, (Supp1) 7.