Micro Scale Environmental Characteristics and Fear of Crime

  • Eylem Akman Cinar Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Ebru Cubukcu Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

Abstract


This study investigated the relation between crime, fear, and micro level physical environmental features: physical incivilities, places that afford concealment (or refuge), limited prospect, and blocked escape. Low and high crime streets in Istanbul, Turkey was determined. Then 68 streets were selected via cluster random sampling and evaluated by two investigators at the site and by 127 people via photographs for perceived safety, upkeep (as an indicator of physical incivilities) the extent to which they afford wide vista (prospect) and easy escape and concealment opportunities, the density and height of trees, shrubs, and walls. Results supported the theory and the findings of previous empirical studies.


Keywords: Crime, Perception of safety, Fear, Prospect-refuge theory, Concealment, Incivilities


eISSN 2514-751X © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

Published
2018-03-15
How to Cite
CINAR, Eylem Akman; CUBUKCU, Ebru. Micro Scale Environmental Characteristics and Fear of Crime. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 7, p. 129-136, mar. 2018. ISSN 2514-751X. Available at: <https://aje-bs.e-iph.co.uk/index.php/ajE-Bs/article/view/265>. Date accessed: 16 sep. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.21834/aje-bs.v3i7.265.
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.