Adaptability of Folkways: Buddhist Thai vernacular houses of Songkhla Lake Basin

  • Supawadee Chuapram Faculty of Architecture and Graduate school, Built Environment Program, Kasetsart University, Bangkok; School of Architecture and Design, Walailak University, 222 Thaiburi, Thasala District, Nakhonsithammarat 80160, Thailand.
  • Ornsiri Panin Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University, 50 Paholyothin Road, Jatujak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.


This research has explored the relationships between community ecosystems and folkways in the context of modern development, especially how these relationships are manifested in the changing physical characteristics of their vernacular houses. Using qualitative methods and a holistic approach to study tradition and change, three Thai-Buddhist communities around Songkhla Lake Basin were selected for comparative study. Data were derived from documentary sources, direct and participant observation, in-depth interviews and architectural drawings. It was found that the traditional communities in different local micro-ecosystems were transformed to be a new characteristic of Southern Thai dwellings underlie the emergence of hybrid economic and society. However, kinship ties, their Buddhist beliefs and experience of adaptability reinforce the existent of local identities.

Keywords: Adaptability; Folkways; transformation; Community eco-system; Buddhist Thai, Vernacular house; Songkhla Lake Basin

eISSN 2514-751X © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.

How to Cite
CHUAPRAM, Supawadee; PANIN, Ornsiri. Adaptability of Folkways: Buddhist Thai vernacular houses of Songkhla Lake Basin. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 9, p. 15-26, june 2018. ISSN 2514-751X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 jan. 2020. doi:

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