What are Users’ Perceptions of the Hospital Courtyard Garden and How Satisfied are they with it?


  • Madihah Mat Idris School of Architecture, Faculty of Social Science, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • Magda Sibley Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, United Kingdom




Since the 1970s, courtyard gardens with diverse scales and design configurations have been introduced in the planning of Malaysian public hospitals to enhance users’ experiences. However, these have never been systematically evaluated to understand of how they perform and what improvements can be made to them to increase their responsiveness to users’ needs and inform the practice of both hospital designers and managers. This paper presents the results of fieldwork conducted in a large central courtyard in a Malaysian public hospital. Interview surveys and field measurements were conducted to provide a new understanding of users’ perceptions of the various physical and environmental attributes and their satisfaction levels with them.

Keywords: Hospital courtyard garden; perceptions; experiences; level of satisfaction.

eISSN 2514-751X © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.21834/aje-bs.v4i13.348




How to Cite

Mat Idris, M., & Sibley, M. (2019). What are Users’ Perceptions of the Hospital Courtyard Garden and How Satisfied are they with it?. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, 4(13), 60-76. https://doi.org/10.21834/aje-bs.v4i13.348