Preschool Physical Environment Design Quality: Addressing Malaysia’s PISA Rankings
Keywords:Preschool Physical Environment, Cognitive School Readiness, Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, PISA.
PISA assessments revealed cognitive abilities of Malaysian children remained unsatisfactory. Poor cognitive school readiness (SR) among preschoolers, contributing to inadequate cognitive development, is a factor. Excellent preschool physical environments (PPE) could potentially improve childhood cognitive development by boosting cognitive SR. This study aims to highlight the significance of PPE design quality on children’s cognitive SR in Malaysia. A cohort study comprising 16 Ministry of Education (MOE) preschools with 336 children was done. PPE design quality showed significant positive association with cognitive SR. Conclusively, good PPE design should contribute to improved PISA ranking by ensuring better cognitive development of Malaysian preschoolers.
Keywords: Preschool Physical Environment; Cognitive School Readiness; Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development; PISA.
eISSN: 2514-751X © 2020 The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.